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  1. The promotion of social inclusion
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As a result, they picked the wrong grantees or under-appreciated the resistance. Using the example of The Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, James and Marshall describe the transition from a traditional foundation to a capacity-building foundation, based on venture philanthropy principles. After changing staff and finding new grantees, the foundation learned how to become a learning organization. But venture philanthropists lead with their methodology, raising the question of why—for what social purpose? Ideational philanthropy—philanthropic work that focuses on funding and disseminating ideas that influence public policy—traces its beginnings to the mid- 70s and the start of the neo-conservative movement when Irving Kristol published articles in the Wall Street Journal and William Simon wrote the book Time for Truth calling for a stronger private sector.

A few conservative foundations with modest resources set about, with a determinedly intellectual strategy, to transform public policy in the U. Kristol suggested that donors use their philanthropy to shape public policy, promote free enterprise, and limit government. These smaller foundations took this advice to heart and focussed on supporting the few who could influence the many, giving operational support over long periods of time to those with the potential for political leverage.

They had an impact far beyond what their giving capacity would suggest. While large foundations were spending huge sums on practice-based projects that were prone to disappear when funding ended, ideational efforts supported by the smaller conservative foundations were being leveraged many times over in their impact on social and political policy.

Percer goes on to give strategies for funding ideas that are counter-intuitive to the practices of most funding organizations today—and ones that have reframed public debate and national policy for at least a generation. Horn treads softly but ends with a recommendation that the role of faith be discussed with potential donors.

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As with venture philanthropists, these entrants into the world of philanthropy are mostly business people who want more effectiveness and efficiency in the nonprofit world. Like venture philanthropists they have learned lessons along the way and been resourceful in adapting.

The promotion of social inclusion

They want to increase the percentage of philanthropic giving online. It is perhaps best known for responding to the tsunami with a home page, a comprehensive list of charities and organizations acting for the relief effort, resources to learn more about earthquakes and tsunamis, and sites for photos.

This portal allows both individuals and groups to access one another for donating, volunteering, and citizen advocacy. It also includes information from an expansive database of charities and has to be able to give advice to nonprofits, donors, and individuals alike. Rose and Miles provide a fascinating look at the challenges of Internet Intermediaries: they have a double bottom line—to maintain a presence online they need a financial return, but they also need a social return to be functional; they have to keep up with immediate needs of those they serve, but they also have to stay on top of crisis relief efforts.

All of this requires them to cooperate with outside organizations to share expertise and meet demand. Barendsen attributes the term social entrepreneurs—individuals who use business knowledge and an entrepreneurial approach to tackle social problems directly—to William Drayton, one of first to use it in These are people who keep moving at all costs and who are impatient with the time it takes to get things done in the nonprofit world.

All under 45 years of age, they have a strong sense of obligation to their work and the people it affects. They also have a particular kind of drive and deep convictions that make them feel they have no choice. They, too, have learned along the way that fundraising takes time and that funders and grantees working together often get results that are worth waiting for.

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Barendsen provides interesting examples of these problem-solvers and those who invest in them. He addresses three strategies of business-oriented philanthropy, evaluating their benefits and potential harms. On the topic of anonymous giving, Schervish shows how it causes mischief, often resulting in social engineering—knowing what is best for someone else and manipulating without the accountability that comes when the subtle responsibilities of friendship are in play. Deep and Frumkin then work through the policy options governing the annual payout rate required of U.

The authors show that political bargaining, not economic reasoning, has produced these policies in the U. Their analysis shows a failing grade in both cases. Deep and Frumkin lay claim to the first comprehensive and reliable database on the management and use of foundation assets 4 to show that foundations have grown over time and that there is no correlation between payout rate most kept to the minimum required and investment returns.

They explore the reasons for this homogeneity when there is such a diversity of missions. They also give reasons for increasing the payout rate and reasons for keeping it as it is. In the final analysis, they recommend eliminating the excise tax but admit there are tough choices to make on a policy for payout rates. Overall, the discussion of this thorny issue is thoughtful, based on economic reasoning but always with an eye to meeting more effectively the mission of the foundations and the nonprofit organizations they support. Although VP only accounted for 0.

Using a systems model definition of creativity, he provides a chart showing the impact of VP on five long-standing foundations—William and Flora Hewlett, Rockefeller, Kellogg, James Irvine, and Carnegie—by tracking the degree to which each had adopted the six basic practices. Of the five foundations studied, only Rockefeller moves from some indication of VP concepts to a complete avoidance. Certainly Standlea adds to the call for standard principles and practices or, at the very least, a sharing of best practices, to help strengthen the field of philanthropy.

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Verducci and Mariano point to the growing pressures for national standards in philanthropy, suggesting field-wide standards, such as accountability, as well as personal standards, such as humility. Based on their research at the Good Work Project, they assert that national ethical standards could promote self-regulation, protect the field from abuses that threaten reputation, and create a sense of consistent expectations across the field. Particularly with the rapid growth of the sector, Mariano and Verducci suggest that standards would help transmit wisdom and acculturate and train new workers, at the very least creating a framework for determining best practices.

Peter Karoff published his paper on open source philanthropy in June They go even further, however, in pushing against a culture that over-emphasizes individualism and the need to be proprietary. They point out that the emphasis on high-impact and on taking nonprofits to scale is based on the business paradigm of competition. It distinguishes individual and organizational self-interest from the public interest by asking what works for the individual and for the community being served. But when conflicts arise between these different instructions, one can get easily confused.

Congress is right: it holds the view that the public interest is best served by a lot of people doing a lot of things. Isaiah Berlin—one of the great liberal thinkers of the twentieth century—would no doubt concur.

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He asserts that there are benefits to our society in social or political collisions. In a final word, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, one of the principal investigators of the Good Work Project, reviews the issues and asks, pointedly, if we are going to exercise due diligence or simply hope for the best. In the meantime, Taking Philanthropy Seriously provides a powerful assessment of a complex set of issues that are critical to the nature of our societies. They also probe a number of ancillary areas, which include formative influences such as mentors and anti-mentors , the role of religion or spiritual orientation, attitudes toward technology, and the entities to which the individual feels most responsible.

Conference in NY on Addressing Inequalities & Challenges to social inclusion – Mahila

In many cases, they also use more targeted methods, such as an inventory of values and responses to ethical dilemmas. So far the study has taken place primarily in the U. The Canadian disbursement quota has undergone significant changes in recent years. Knopf, , p. Skip to content. Top Bottom. Google Translate PDF. Thanks for your question. Yes that type of work could be eligible for ESF funding. Young people are a priority in the new programme and what you describe fits with the idea of social inclusion. However, all projects and activities must meet local priorities.

You say you are a small charity — one thing you should be aware of is the possibility that ESF will be distributed via large contracts and grants. You may want to consider being involved in consortia in order to apply for the funding.

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One last thing, each LEP should have a voluntary and community sector representative in their governance structures; I would suggest that you make contact with your LEP to find out who that person is in order to start discussions now about the new ESF programme. We do this by connecting, representing and supporting voluntary organisations. NCVO Blogs. Join us Work for us Venue hire Email updates Contact us.

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